Life Insurance provided for members of a group. It is most often issued to a group of employees but may be issued to any group provided it is not formed for the purpose of buying insurance. The cost is lower than for individual policies because administrative expenses per life are decreased, there are certain tax advantages, and measures taken against adverse selection are effective.
Franchise Insurance. A plan for covering groups of persons with individual policies having uniform provisions, although they may differ in benefits. Individual contracts are issued to each person with individual underwriting. It is usually applied to groups too small to qualify for true group coverage, and the solicitation of cases usually takes place among an employer's work force with his consent. In Life Insurance, it is sometimes called Wholesale Insurance. Contrast with True Group Insurance.
True Group Insurance. Group insurance issued under a master contract with certificates of insurance that are not policy contracts issued to persons included in the group. This would be in contrast to Franchise or Wholesale "Group" Insurance, under which a covered person is issued an individual policy contract.